Vol. 27 No. 1 (2023): Journal of Nursing Pensar Enfermagem
Theoretical Articles

Unitary Caring Science: Caritas Compassion Transpersonal Theory

Jean Watson
Watson Caring Science Institute; Professor/Dean Emerita University of Colorado Denver, CON, USA.

Published 2023-10-19


  • Ethics Nursing,
  • Holistic Nursing,
  • Nursing Care

How to Cite

Watson, J. (2023). Unitary Caring Science: Caritas Compassion Transpersonal Theory. Pensar Enfermagem, 27(1), 106–109. https://doi.org/10.56732/pensarenf.v27i1.296


This article presents a transformative perspective on contemporary nursing, emphasizing unity and interconnectedness in the post-Covid world. Prof. Jean Watson introduces "Unitary Caring Science" as a holistic approach to nursing, rooted in three ethical principles: The Ethic of Belonging, The Ethics of Face, and The Ethics of Hands. These principles guide the paradigm shift in nursing philosophy and practice.

Dr. Watson discusses the "Ten Caritas Processes®," a foundational language for understanding and practicing human care. She highlights the importance of "Transpersonal Caring Moments," where nurses' presence and authenticity influence patient experiences.

The article aligns this approach with the American Nurses Association's new definition, emphasizing compassion and presence in nursing care, and advocates for a holistic, interconnected nursing approach to uphold human dignity and compassion.


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