Vol. 17 No. 2 (2013): Journal of Nursing Pensar Enfermagem
Review articles

Nursing sensitive outcomes with drug addicts: a systematic literature review

Paulo Seabra
RN, MSc, Professor Assistente, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Católica Portuguesa; Doutorando em Enfermagem na UCP
Luís Sá
RN, PhD, Professor Auxiliar, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, UCP (CIIS)
José Amendoeira
RN, PhD, Professor Associado, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, UCP, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, UCP (CIIS)

Published 2013-12-30

Keywords

  • outcomes,
  • nursing,
  • methadone,
  • Substance-related disorders

How to Cite

Seabra, P., Sá, L., & Amendoeira, J. (2013). Nursing sensitive outcomes with drug addicts: a systematic literature review. Pensar Enfermagem | Journal of Nursing, 17(2), 44–58. https://doi.org/10.56732/pensarenf.v17i2.83

Abstract

The evidence of health outcomes, sensitive to nursing interventions, can help us reflect on practice and contribute to its effectiveness. We conducted a systematic literature review aimed at identifying the health outcomes, sensitive to nursing
intervention, of drug addicts. We mobilized the principles of the Cochrane Center. We formulated the research question
using the PI[C]OS method: “What are the nursing interventions sensitive results in drug addicts, in a methadone maintenance program?”. We conducted searches using B-on, Ebsco, Scielo, Lilacs and Medicaribe. Four (4) studies constituted our sample.
We found evidence of 11 nursing sensitive outcomes, in terms of clinical outcomes, functional status, health status knowledge, self-care and satisfaction with nursing care. These results were evaluated in different practice contexts. We conclude that nurses  contribute and influence the health outcomes obtained by drug addicts. When nurses respect the complex characteristic of this chronic disease, mainly by contributing to the knowledge of the disease and its treatments, they contribute towards a reduction in drug abuse, and the management of withdrawal and the effects of medication.

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